The “Wolf Hour”: Why We Wake Up at 3 a.m

The “Wolf Hour”: Why We Wake

Those who don’t sleep through the night often wake up at a very specific time. Around 3 a.m., many people wake up with a start and then find it difficult to fall asleep again. Instead, the carousel of thoughts spins and sleep is no longer an option. A sleep researcher and a psychologist explain why this is and how we can stay asleep better and stay asleep.

Waking up occasionally during the night at a certain time actually affects many people, says Alfred Wiater, former chairman of the German Society for Sleep Medicine and co-author of the book “Tick right” about a healthy sleep-wake rhythm. “This phenomenon is not only known to those with chronic sleep disorders; it affects all of us, even if not in such a pronounced form as those with sleep disorders. “We also talk about the ‘hour of the wolf’,” says the sleep doctor.

Apart from the wolves, no one was up anymore, Wolf Hour

The term “Wolf Hour” or “wolf hour” probably comes from antiquity and refers to the earliest hours of the morning when no one was up except the wolves. The fact that people wake up more often at this time is due to the complicated interaction of hormones, as Wiater explains. Our sleep-wake rhythm is influenced, among other things, by the hormones melatonin, serotonin and cortisol. Melatonin is considered a sleep hormone: it is released in the dark and the body then converts the “feel-good hormone” serotonin into melatonin. The body produces cortisol to protect itself from stress. For this effect to be achieved, the cortisol level should not be too high or too low.

In the “wolf hour” special biological processes take place: “Around 3 a.m. our body temperature is low and the sleep hormone melatonin is highly active. At the same time, our cortisol levels are very low, as is the level of the hormone serotonin, which normally makes us feel good,” explains Wiater. “This constellation means that we lack the positive influences of serotonin and also the anti-stress effect of cortisol.”

Although melatonin is considered a sleep hormone, if the level is too high, the balance in interaction with the other hormones, which is important for a good sleep-wake rhythm and physical and psychological well-being, is lost. “In addition, blood flow to the brain is reduced in crucial areas when we wake up at this time. As a result, we become thin-skinned and fear, pessimism and a depressed mood dominate,” says Wiater.

For these reasons, many people not only seem to wake up more easily around 3 a.m., but also often lie awake afterwards and think. In order not to remain sleepless until the morning, Wiater recommends getting up briefly: “But slowly, in stages, so that the cerebral blood flow gets going again. “You should also turn on the lights to lower your melatonin levels, maybe drink a glass of water and then try to get back to sleep.”

Psychological reasons for rumination at night

Australian psychology professor Greg Murray has also studied the phenomenon of waking up at night. In a guest article for the scientific journal “The Conversation,” Murray cites psychological reasons why it is so difficult to simply go back to sleep afterwards. At 3 a.m. not only are our physical and cognitive resources exhausted – at the same time we are completely thrown back on ourselves and our thoughts. When we start to ponder problems, it is hardly possible to find a solution: “At 3 a.m. most problems are actually unsolvable,” says Murray. It’s just that we’re not aware of it, we instead perceive things more dramatically than they really are and the thought spiral keeps turning.

Murray recommends simply concentrating on your breathing for a while, a method from Buddhist mindfulness. He also gives similar advice to Wiater: If you can’t go back to sleep after 15 to 20 minutes, you should stop trying at all costs and instead turn on the light and read something, for example. Because one thing is clear: in daylight and with breakfast toast the world usually looks completely different.

Cybersecurity Job Description: What to Expect

With the rapid advancement of technology, businesses and individuals are becoming more interconnected, making them vulnerable to cyber threats. A cyber security specialist plays a crucial role in protecting sensitive information and preventing unauthorized access to valuable data. Cybersecurity analysts protect computer networks from cyberattacks and unauthorized access. They do this by trying to anticipate and defend against cyber threats, and responding to security breaches when they do happen. Additionally, the field of cyber security offers opportunities in incident response, security architecture, network security, and much more.

  • Plus, demand for this role continues to be exceptionally high with no signs of slowing.
  • These professionals are hired to identify vulnerabilities in a system by attempting to exploit them, thereby helping organizations enhance their security measures.
  • The Cyber Security Specialist must have a bachelor’s degree in computer science, information technology, telecommunications, computer engineering, or any related field.
  • Why cybercriminals want to attack PR and marketing staff and, crucially, how to protect your company from financial and reputational harm.
  • They must stay up to date with the latest trends and threats in the cybersecurity industry and be able to adapt to evolving security risks.
  • If you’re looking for a job with the flexibility to work evenings or weekend hours, cybersecurity could be a good fit.

But being a key component of a company’s information technology needs can be a rewarding responsibility. Learners are advised to conduct additional research to ensure that courses and other credentials pursued meet their personal, professional, and financial goals. Those behind the Lockbit group are believed to be based in Russia which means, like other similar groups, they are beyond the reach of law enforcement for arrest. That means disruption is often the only realistic option to try and undermine their work, as well as improving cyber-defences. Those directly involved in the operation say they believe the UK will be significantly safer in the short and medium term from cyber-attack and describe the move as a ‘step change’ in the response to cyber-crime. There have been so-called “take-downs” in the past but in many cases the criminal groups re-emerged soon after their online operations were disrupted by law enforcement, limiting the long-term impact.

Education online: Advice for teachers

Others consider these cybersecurity careers to exist under the same umbrella of computer security. Adding certifications like CompTIA Advanced Security Practitioner (CASP+) can validate your skills in the cybersecurity field and prepare you for a more advanced role within your organization. Cybersecurity operations jobs are among the fastest-growing roles in IT, as organizations set up security operations centers (SOCs) and establish IT security teams to monitor and respond to global security incidents. The good news is, the job outlook for IT security specialists is exceptionally strong—and only getting better.

what does a cyber security specialist do

The actual job description of a security specialist can be hard to pin down, because these specialists may have varying duties based on their actual position. But typically these specialists are expected to install, configure, and maintain security software designed to prevent outside attacks on the company’s internal network. IT security professionals are also be expected to monitor the company network for any breaches or vulnerabilities, devising plans for further safeguarding as needed. Cybersecurity professionals assess security risks, design security strategies, and implement security technologies to protect organizations from cyber attacks. There are numerous positions within the field of cybersecurity, which each perform distinct duties as they seek to protect organizations from harm.

Is cybersecurity analytics hard?‎

With the ever-increasing reliance on digital technology, protecting sensitive data has become more challenging, requiring the expertise of cyber security professionals. As technology advances, the need for robust cyber security measures to protect sensitive data has become increasingly critical. With the ever-growing threat of cyberattacks, organizations must be proactive how to become a security specialist in implementing effective measures to safeguard their valuable information from unauthorized access. In this article, we will explore some of the essential cyber security measures that businesses can adopt to protect their sensitive data. Many cybersecurity professionals start out as junior cybersecurity analysts before advancing to more specialized positions.

  • A computer science degree provides a foundation in information technology (IT), including understanding TCP/IP protocols that are at the core of all networking.
  • Finally, holding the position of security specialist might require helping co-workers adopt new technologies and security software as it develops.
  • A simple way of thinking about a cybersecurity specialist is someone who keeps tabs on a company’s or organization’s security while also helping other employees and teammates stay current on best practices.
  • One of the primary responsibilities of a cybersecurity specialist is to keep tabs on the systems employed by their organization and report any issues to management.
  • Created and administered by the IT and e-commerce authority EC-Council, the Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH) designation both validates your hacking abilities and confirms your intent to use them lawfully and for legitimate ends.

If you’re interested in getting a job as a cybersecurity analyst, here are some steps you can take to get on your way. Information security and cybersecurity overlap, and the terms are sometimes used interchangeably. While cybersecurity analysts and information security analysts might perform similar tasks, their roles are somewhat different. A Cyber Security Specialist is an expert in the field of information technology security.

Cyber Security Job Titles

Analysts must establish and confirm adequate software security measures on computer systems and networks throughout an organization. According to the World Economic Forum (WEF), cybercrime and cyber insecurity now stand alongside climate change and forced population displacement as some of today’s biggest existential threats to humanity. A relative newcomer to this list, cybercrime now ranks eighth on WEF’s list of the top 10 most severe global risks over the next 10 years. As cyberattacks and threats become more and more prevalent, the significance of cyber security simply cannot be ignored.